A noncompetitive inhibitor reversibly binds to both the enzyme-substrate complex, and the enzyme itself. This means that the effective Vmax decreases with inhibition but the Km does not change. You can determine the Ki of a competitive inhibitor by measuring substrate-velocity curves in the presence of several concentrations of inhibitor.
The term 'noncompetitive' is used inconsistently. It is usually used as defined above, when the inhibitor binds with identical affinity to the free enzyme and the enzyme-substrate complex. Sometimes, however, the term 'noncompetitive' is used more generally, when the two binding affinities differ, which is more often called mixed-model inhibition.
Create an XY data table. Enter substrate concentration into the X column, and enzyme activity into the Y columns. Each data set (Y column) represents data collected in the presence of a different concentration of inhibitor, starting at zero. Enter these concentrations into the column titles. Be sure to enter concentrations, not logarithms of concentration.
After entering data, click Analyze, choose nonlinear regression, choose the panel of enzyme kinetics equations, and choose Noncompetitive enzyme inhibition.
The constant I is the concentration of inhibitor, a value you enter into each column title. This is constrained to be a data set constant.
The parameters Vmax, Km and Ki are shared, so Prism fits one best-fit value for the entire set of data.
Vmax is the maximum enzyme velocity without inhibitor, expressed in the same units as Y.
Km is the Michaelis-Menten constant (without inhibitor), expressed in the same units as X. It describes the interaction of substrate and enzyme in the absence of inhibitor.
Ki is the inhibition constant, expressed in the same units as I, which you entered.
Equation 3.4 in: RA Copeland, Evaluation of Enzyme Inhibitors in Drug Discovery, Wiley 2005. IBSN:0471686964.RA Copeland, Evaluation of Enzyme Inhibitors in Drug Discovery, Wiley 2005. IBSN:0471686964.